Science Vocabulary Overview (Y1-Y6)

Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Year 6
Animals including humans
fish, reptiles, mammals, birds, amphibians (+ examples of each) herbivore, carnivore, omnivore, head, ear, eye, mouth, nose, leg, knee, arm, elbow, back wings, beak
Animals including humans
survival, water, air,(oxygen) food, adult, baby, offspring, kitten, calf, puppy, foal, exercise, hygiene
Animals including humans
bones, muscles, skull, ribs, skeleton, support, protection, movement, herbivore, carnivore, omnivore, teeth, canine, incisor, molar
Animals including humans
mouth, tongue, teeth, canine, incisor, molar, oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, herbivore, carnivore, omnivore
Animals including humans
foetus, embryo, womb, gestation, baby, toddler, teenager, puberty, adolescent, adult, elderly, development, growth
Animals including humans
heart, blood, circulatory system, blood vessels, veins, arteries, valves, oxygenated, deoxygenated, exercise, pulse, respiration
evergreen & deciduous trees, branches, trunk, leaves, flowers (blossom) petals, fruit, roots, bulb, seed, stem
seeds, bulb, water, light, temperature, growth, revise roots, stem, leaves, petals from Y1
air, light, water, soil, nutrients, reproduction, seed formation, dispersal, germination, pollination, transportation, species, location (photosynthesis)
Living things and their habitats
fish, Reptiles, Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, snails, slugs, worms, spiders, insects, environment, habitat, vertebrate, invertebrate, exo-skeleton, adaptation
Living things and their habitats
reproduction of mammal, bird, insect and amphibian , offspring, complete / incomplete metamorphosis, hatch
Living things and their habitats
classification, mammals, birds, amphibians, fish, reptiles, insects vertebrates, invertebrates, micro-organisms, bacteria, fungi
Everyday Materials
material, wood, plastic, glass, paper, fabric, metal, rock, hard, soft, smooth, shiny, rough, bendy (flexible)
Living things and their habitats
living, dead, habitat, microhabitat energy, food chain, prey, predator woodland, pond, desert
Rocks & Soils
sandstone, limestone, granite, marble, pumice, slate, crystals, properties, permeable / impermeable, hardness, sedimentary, igneous, metamorphic, fossils, soil, organic matter, humus
States of Matter
solid, liquid, gas, temperature, heating, freezing point, boiling point, particles, evaporation, condensation, thermometer, thermal insulation
Properties & changes of materials
hardness, solubility, mixing, dissolving, melting, Solution, solute, transparency, conductivity, magnetic, filter, filtration, evaporation, condensation, reacting / reactants
Evolution & Inheritance fossils, adaptation, evolution, characteristics, reproduction, genetics
Seasonal changes
Summer, Spring, Autumn, Winter, season, sun, day, moon, night, light, dark
Materials & their uses
as for Y1 + stiff, shiny, dull, rough, smooth, waterproof, absorbent, transparent, opaque, brick, fabric, foil, squashing, bending, twisting, stretching, elastic
light, dark, shadows, blocking, mirror, reflect, reflective, reflection
volume, vibration, sound wave, loud, soft, high pitch, low pitch, tone, speaker, (amplitude, frequency)
Earth & Space
Earth, sea, sun, moon, axis, planets, solar system, star, constellation, Phases of the moon, waxing, waning, gibbous moon, full moon
reflection, refraction, lens, light spectrum, colour, prism, rainbow
Forces & Magnets
force, push, pull, contact, magnetic, attract, repel, poles (north / south) friction, resistance
cells (batteries) wires, switches, circuit, series (parallel, buzzers, bulbs, mains electricity, insulators, conductors
force, friction, Newton, gravity, newton meters, air resistance, water resistance, gears, pulleys, levers
cells, batteries, wires, bulbs, switches, buzzers, circuit, series/ parallel, conductors, insulators, amps, volts
Year 1 & 2 Working scientifically
investigation, enquiry, what to change, what we used, what we did, what we found out
Year 3,4,5,6 Working scientifically
investigation, enquiry, prediction, variable, dependent variable, independent variable, constant, patterns, equipment, apparatus, method, results, conclusion