EYFS Design & Technology Overview

2’s/ Nursery/ Reception
EYFS Development Matters Statements and ELGs- Expressive Arts & Design (Specific strand linked to Art/ D&T)

Birth to Three
Notice patterns with strong contrasts and be attracted by patterns resembling the human face.
• Start to make marks intentionally.
• Explore paint, using fingers and other parts of their bodies as well as  brushes and other tools.
• Express ideas and feelings through making marks, and sometimes  give a meaning to the marks they make.
• Start to develop pretend play, pretending that one object represents another. For example, a child holds a wooden block to her ear and  pretends it’s a phone.
• Explore different materials, using all their senses to investigate them. Manipulate and play with different materials. • Use their imagination as they consider what they can do with different materials.
• Make simple models which express their ideas.  

Three and Four-Year-Olds
• Take part in simple pretend play, using an object to represent  something else even though they are not similar.
• Begin to develop complex stories using small world equipment like animal sets, dolls and dolls houses, etc.
• Make imaginative and complex ‘small worlds’ with blocks and construction kits, such as a city with different buildings and a park.
• Explore different materials freely, to develop their ideas about how to  use them and what to make.
• Develop their own ideas and then decide which materials to use to  express them.
• Join different materials and explore different textures.
• Create closed shapes with continuous lines, and begin to use these shapes to represent objects.
• Draw with increasing complexity and detail, such as representing a face with a circle and including details.
• Use drawing to represent ideas like movement or loud noises.
• Show different emotions in their drawings and paintings, like happiness, sadness, fear, etc.
• Explore colour and colour-mixing.    

Children in Reception
• Explore, use and refine a variety of artistic effects to express their  ideas and feelings.
• Return to and build on their previous learning, refining ideas and developing their ability to represent them.
• Create collaboratively, sharing ideas, resources and skills